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This account of the history of Java is based on an outline put together by Patrick Naughton, co-author ofthe HotJava browser and current VP of technology at Starwave Corp.

January 15, 1991

"Stealth Project" (as named by Scott McNealy) brainstorming meeting in Aspen with Bill Joy, Andy Bechtolsheim, Wayne Rosing, Mike Sheridan, James Gosling and Patrick Naughton.

February 1, 1991

Gosling, Sheridan, and Naughton begin work in earnest. Naughton focuses on "Aspen" graphics system, Gosling on programming language ideas, Sheridan on business development.

June 1991

Gosling starts working on the "Oak" interpreter, which, several years later (following a trademark search), is renamed "Java."

August 19, 1991

Green team demonstrates basic user interface ideas and graphics system to Sun co-founders Scott McNealy and Bill Joy.

Summer 1992

Massive amounts of hacking on Oak, and related components.

October 1, 1992

Wayne Rosing joins from SunLabs (which had formed in July 1990) and assumes management of the team.

March 15, 1993

The development team, now incorporated as FirstPerson, focuses on interactive television after learning about Time Warner's RFP for its interactive cable TV trial in Orlando, FL.

April, 1993

NCSA Mosaic 1.0, the first graphical browser for the Internet, is released.

June 14, 1993

Time Warner goes with SGI for its interactive cable TV trial, despite acknowledged superiority of Sun technology and assurances in mid-April that Sun won the deal.

Summer, 1993

Naughton flies 300,000 miles selling Oak to anyone involved in consumer electronics and interactive television; meanwhile, the rate at which people are gaining access to the Internet reaches breakneck speed.

August, 1993

After months of promising negotiations with 3DO to provide set-top box OS, 3DO president Trip Hawkins offers to buy the technology outright. McNealy refuses, and deal falls through.

September, 1993

Arthur Van Hoff joins team, originally to do application development environment aimed at interactive television; ends up doing mostly language design.

February 17, 1994

Alternative FirstPerson business plan for doing CD-ROM/online multimedia platform based on Oak presented to Sun executives to very mixed reviews.

April 25, 1994

Sun Interactive created, half of FirstPerson employees leave to join it.

June, 1994

"Liveoak" project started. Designed by Bill Joy to use Oak for a big small operating system project.

July, 1994

Naughton reduces the "Liveoak" project's scope to simply retargeting Oak at the Internet after writing a throwaway implementation of a Web browser in a long weekend hack.

September 16, 1994

Jonathon Payne and Naughton start writing "WebRunner," a Mosaic-like browser later renamed "HotJava"

September 29, 1994

HotJava prototype is first demonstrated to Sun executives.

Autumn, 1994

Van Hoff implements Java compiler in Java. (Gosling had previously implemented it in C.)

May 23, 1995

Sun formally announces Java and HotJava at SunWorld '95.

May 23, 1995

Netscape announces its intention to license Java for use in Netscape browser.

September 21, 1995

Sun-sponsored Java development conference held in New York City.

September 25, 1995

Sun announces expanded alliance with Toshiba and a joint project to develop remote information retrieval products which incorporate Java.

September 26, 1995

Sunsoft announces suite of business-oriented development products incorporating Java.

October 30, 1995

Oracle announces its WebSystem suite of WWW software which includes a Java-compatible browser.

October 30, 1995

At the Internet World Conference in Boston, Lotus Development Corp., Intuit Inc., Borland International Inc., Macromedia Inc.,and Spyglass Inc. announce plans to license Java.

December 4, 1995

Sun and Netscape announce Javascript, a scripting language based on the Java language which is designed to be accessible to non-programmers.

December 4, 1995

Sun, Netscape and Silicon Graphics announce new software alliance to develop Internet interactivity tools.

December 4, 1995

Borland, Mitsubishi Electronics, Sybase and Symatec annouce plans to license Java.

December 6, 1995

IBM and Adobe announce licensing agreement with Sun for use of Java.

December 7, 1995

Microsoft announces plans to license Java during announcement of suite of new Internet products, including Visual Basic Script.

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